why is the parthenon important
The Parthenon is a temple dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena. In ancient Greece, the polis was the city but the philosophy of the function of the polis was what made it truly outstanding. However, it is believed that the Parthenon was used primarily as treasury. The new Acropolis Museum, which was opened in June 2009, and located at the foot of the Acropolis, collected all the fragments of the frieze of the Parthenon in the possession of the Greek government (along with others still being recovered) in an architectural space rebuilt with the exact dimensions and orientation of the monument. Subscribe to our newsletter to receive discounts, special offers and news: the base arcs about 7cm (over 70 meters! Check out our guidebook to Athens, with detailed history and Past & Present images of the Parthenon, the Acropolis of Athens, the Ancient Agora and all the greatest historical and archaeological sites of Athens. The Parthenon, which literally means ‘the apartment of the virgin’, is dedicated to the Goddess Athena, who is also considered as the patroness of the city of Athens. It was the most sacred of monuments, and was famous in antiquity as a Greek architectural masterpiece. Phidias, also spelled Pheidias, (flourished c. 490–430 bce), Athenian sculptor, the artistic director of the construction of the Parthenon, who created its most important religious images and supervised and probably designed its overall sculptural decoration.It is said of Phidias that he alone had seen the exact image of the gods and that he revealed it to man. The monument was a temple dedicated to the goddess Athena. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. answer! If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. More information Accept. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. If you continue to use this website without changing your cookie settings or you click "Accept" below then you are consenting to this. Built entirely of Pentelic marble, the Parthenon rests on a base of three steps. It was sculpted between c. 443 and 438 BC, most likely under the direction of Pheidias. © copyright 2003-2020 Study.com. After Greece gained independence, the ancient structures of the Parthenon were freed from the medieval and Turkish superstructures, as well as the rest of the Acropolis. What construction method was used to build the... Are the Acropolis and the Parthenon the same... How many columns does the Parthenon have? The Parthenon was built between the middle of the fifth century and 432 BC by architects Callicrates and Ictinus, under the supervision of Phidias, who was also entrusted with the sculptural decoration. In fact, the colossal statue of Athena Parthenos, about twelve meters high, stood inside the Parthenon. The Pantheon proved an important influence for the great Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio, as well as countless architects who followed, in Europe and beyond. The cookie settings on this website are set to "allow cookies" to give you the best browsing experience possible. Services, The Greek Parthenon: Facts, History & Construction, Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. The Parthenon became the fourth most important Christian pilgrimage destination in the Eastern Roman Empire after Constantinople, Ephesos, and Thessaloniki. It survives to the present day although it has deteriorated to a certain... Our experts can answer your tough homework and study questions. In 1930 it was raised around the northern colonnade, but the restoration work continues to this day. There was an order to public life, and the polis was meant to facilitate the functioning of social life. Cloudflare Ray ID: 5f7c6a1fbb693328 Of the 524 feet (160 m) of the original frieze, 420 feet (130 m) survives—some 80 percent. It had eight Doric columns in the front area and 17 columns on the long sides, each 10.43 meters high, and with a base diameter of 1.905 meters. This American Parthenon was originally intended to be temporary. • The Parthenon, along with the other buildings on the Acropolis, is now one of the most visited archaeological sites in Greece. It took many years to build and was completed in 432 BC. This equals a 4:9 ratio. Create your account. It is located on a hill in Athens, Greece. Overall, the Parthenon measured 69.54 x 30.87 meters. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal The name, “Parthenon”, refers to the epithet of the goddess, “Athena Parthenos” (indicating her status of unmarried and a virgin), and the myth of her creation, by parthenogenesis, from the head of Zeus. © Image copyright by Konstantinos Dafalias. In 1018, the emperor Basil II went on a pilgrimage to Athens directly after his final victory over the Bulgarians for the sole purpose of worshipping at the Parthenon. Many of its sculptures were later recovered and brought to London by Lord Elgin in 1803. The Parthenon was significantly damaged in 1687, when the Venetians, led by Francesco Morosini, attacked Athens.
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