baghdad population by religion
As a whole, Iraq has a population density of 83 people per square kilometer (184/square mile).
 Intense aerial bombing campaigns by the US forces included targeting of electrical power plants and water and sewage treatment plants, thereby depriving the general population of these basic services. , Many Kurdish people converted from Islam to Zoroastrianism, especially after ISIL attacked Iraqi Kurdistan.
Regional services, however, are coordinated and carried out by a mayor who oversees the municipalities. , Priceless collection of artifacts in the National Museum of Iraq was looted by the Iraqi citizens during the 2003 US-led invasion.
The ethnic cleansing works in Baghdad in an extend that makes it more difficult for insurgents from the other group to operate. by Garrels, Anne, and Lawrence, Vint. The Iraqi Civil War following ISIS' invasion in 2014 caused hundreds of thousands of Iraqi internally displaced people to flee to the city. This would make the Iraqi presence of Mandaeans at least 1,800 years old, making it the third oldest continually-practiced faith in Iraqi society after Zoroastrianism and Judaism. Kurdish authorities have tried to win favor with the minority communities by spending millions of Iraqi dinars to build a pro-Kurdish system of patronage in minority communities, making them wealthier, financing alternative civil society organizations to compete with, undermine, and challenge the authority of established groups, many of which oppose Kurdish rule. The city's population grew from an estimated 145,000 in 1900 to 580,000 in 1950. p. 101-5, Aboona, H. (2008). Rainfall has been recorded on fewer than half a dozen occasions at this time of year and has never exceeded 1 millimetre (0.04 in).  Many of the One Thousand and One Nights tales, widely known as the Arabian Nights, are set in Baghdad during this period.
Of Iraq’s 18 governorates, Baghdad is the smallest in terms of land, but has the highest population, constituting about 24 percent of Iraq’s total population.  Before the advent of Islam, the majority of Iraqis (Mesopotamians) followed Syriac Christianity, Eastern Orthodoxy and Catholicism, Judaism or ancient Mesopotamian religions.  Thousands have also fled to other parts of southern Iraq, such as the Shia-majority city of Najaf which housed thousands of Christians in holy Islamic shrines once they fled from ISIS, which sought to exterminate them.
 On 31 October 2010, 58 people, including 41 hostages and priests, were killed after an attack on an Assyrian Catholic church in Baghdad. Syria lies on the northwest border of Iraq, Turkey is to the north, Iran is east, and Jordan is to the west.  The live theatre scene received a boost during the 1990s, when UN sanctions limited the import of foreign films. In 1991 and 2003, the Gulf War and the 2003 invasion of Iraq caused significant damage to Baghdad's transportation, power, and sanitary infrastructure as the US-led coalition forces launched massive aerial assaults in the city in the two wars. "Naked in Baghdad." During the 1970s, Baghdad experienced a period of prosperity and growth because of a sharp increase in the price of petroleum, Iraq's main export.
By the end of the 13th century there were twelve Nestorian dioceses in a strip from Peking to Samarkand. Today, the majority of Iraqi Christians live in Kurdish-controlled areas, most of them arrived as internally displaced people from Arab areas during different wars and conflicts between 2003 and 2016. This has made it an important pilgrimage centre for Ja'farī Shia Muslims.
According to Aboona, "many regions with numerous Assyrian and Armenian monuments and monasteries became completely populated by the Kurds after Chaldiran," and Kurdish historians wrote that "the land was cleared at this time, its indigenous inhabitants driven out by force".
Additionally, Jacob's sons, the 12 tribes of Israel, were all born in Iraq and Daniel lived in Iraq most of his life. The historian Ibn Khaldun wrote that 'the Kurds spoiled and spread horror everywhere'. ^ "Population by religion, by province and territory (2001 Census)". The bricks used to make the city were 18 inches (460 mm) on all four sides.
Thousands of Iraqis gathered at several peaceful demonstrations against the ‘Baghdad Wall’, with the message that dividing Baghdad into sectarian enclaves would only create more tension and long-term problems for the city. Qushla and its surroundings is where the historical features and cultural capitals of Baghdad are concentrated, from the Mutanabbi Street, Abbasid-era palace and bridges, Ottoman-era mosques to the Mustansariyah Madrasa.
In 1987, the last Iraqi census counted 1.4 million Christians. The city of Baghdad soon became so large that it had to be divided into three judicial districts: Madinat al-Mansur (the Round City), al-Sharqiyya (Karkh) and Askar al-Mahdi (on the West Bank).. In 2007, construction began on a 5 km long, 3.6 metre high separation barrier between the predominantly Sunni neighbourhood of Adhamiya and surrounding Shiite neighbourhoods. In September, a broad-based government was formed by Shia politician Haider al-Abadi, and included Sunni Arabs and Kurds. "Northern Iraq 2017: "Unknown too many, after Israel, Iraq is the location of more biblical history than any other country. Christianity was brought to Iraq in 40's AD/CE by Thomas the Apostle, Thaddaeus of Edessa and his pupils Aggagi and Mari. In 2014, Al Qaeda officially cut ties with ISIS. In recent years, the city has been frequently subjected to insurgent attacks, resulting in a substantial loss of cultural heritage and historical artifacts as well. This reduce and contribute to the fall in violence between the two ethnic groups. Timur had 70,000 Assyrian Christians beheaded in Tikrit, and 90,000 more in Baghdad. Famous Arab poets and singers such as Nizar Qabbani, Umm Kulthum, Fairuz, Salah Al-Hamdani, Ilham al-Madfai and others have performed for the city. The square developed during the Ottoman era as a military barracks. Zoroastrianism was one of the dominant religions in Kurdistan before the Islamic era. During the period from 2013–2017, with ISIS rapidly sweeping through Iraq's western lands , Christians fled as they feared persecution by the terrorist organisation, as they were to ‘execute’ any person who did not believe in their Sunni sect. It was designed by caliph Al-Mansur. They claimed that Kurdish housing project was naturally to change the demographic, economic, and civic structure of the Christian regions in only few short years; a process that forced the Christian to emigrate as the vacant homes were overtaken by 'the Kurds'. There are also several thousand Arab Christians who are either Greek Orthodox or Melkite Catholic, and they are largely concentrated in Baghdad. They settled Kurdish tribes in these regions and in 1583 Sultan Murad IV "gave huge provinces to the Kurdish tribe of Mokri". Thomas and Thaddeus belonged to the twelve Apostles.
Baghdad was brought under Ottoman rule in 1638 and remained under Ottoman rule until 1917, when it was captured by the British during World War I.
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